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Ust-Ord Buriatia (Russia)

Усть-Ордин Бурят

Last modified: 2021-08-26 by valentin poposki
Keywords: ust-ord | buriat | irkutsk | ust-ord buriatia | argabar | triad | obo | meandr | bezant | blood | fire | warmth | sunlight | bravery | richness | happiness | heavens | cleanness | milk | immortality | nature | renovation | fauna |
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Former flag of UOB
image by Mikhail Revnivtsev, 14 Feb 2003

See also:

Presentation of Ust-Ord Buriatia

(Note: You need an Unicode-aware software and font to correctely view the cyrillic text on this page. See here transliteration details).

  • Name (english): Ust-Ord Buriatia • (russian, short form): Усть-Ордин-Бурятия | Usth-Ordyn-Burâtiâ • (russian, long form): Усть-Ординский Бурятский автономный округ | Usth-Ordynskiĭ Burâtskiĭ avtonomnyĭ okrug
  • Local official language: Buryat
  • Capital (russian): Усть-Ординский | Usth-Ordinskiĭ • (english): Ust-Ordinskiy
  • Area: 22 400 km2 (≅8 600 sq.mi.) • Population: 143 400 inhabitants in 2000
  • Status: Autonomous District (автономный округ | avtonomnyĭ okrug) within Irkutsk Region
  • Federal District: Siberia • Economic region: East Siberia
  • License plate code: 85 • Ham radio code: UO • ISO 3166-2 code: UOB
  • Flag adopted on 1997.07.17 • Coat of arms adopted on 1997.07.17

Description of the flag

The flag of Ust-Ord Buryat Autonomous District is described in Article 8 of the Law No. 19 of UOBAD About COA and flag of the UOBAD from 25 June 1997.

The flag is composed of two horizontal stripes, dark blue and white (7:1). In the blue stripe there is a yellow circle with the white sun emblem "arbagar" within. The diameter of the circle equals to 1/2 of the width of the blue stripe, the circle is accompanied by four small yellow circlets. In the white stripe there is a red ornament. Flag ratio is 2:3.
Dark blue stands for the blue sky forever (from the point of view of the pan-Mongol and pan-Turkic cosmogony and mythology), white for milk (probably — this is the meaning of the silver in the arms, no data on the flag), arbagar for indefinite life cycle, happiness, unity of the space, earth and Buryat people (etc.). The red ornament stands for nomadic lifestyle of the Buryat tribes in the past and for their prosperous future.
The flag is coauthored by A. A. Bulgatov and M. R. Dambiyeva and is derived from the Geser’s flag used in 1993 in the Center of the Buryat National Culture in Ulan-Ude: that flag was dark blue with the arbagar.
Jan Zrzavy
, 19 Jan 2003


"Meandr" means "meander" — zig-zag line also traditional for mongol ornaments.
Gvido Pētersons, 31 May 2000

Meander is widely used everywhere in Mongolia and have many variations. A sample of this you can see also here: About argabar, the most common "triade" are «three furnace (fireplace) stones - father, mother and child» but graphical symbol is not presented by star or sun. In this website, you can find different elements of ornaments but only two are close to argabar description: Gvido Pētersons, 02 Jun 2000


I see one time the argabar on TV, it looks like triple wavy swastika.
Victor Lomantsov, 01 Feb 2000

I think "argabar" is a true buryat word; in khalkh-mongolian it has’nt any meaning. According to description in complex — big disc with 4 small discs and "triade".
Gvido Pētersons, 31 May 2000

The so called “triada” in the center of flag (and coat of arms also) according the flag Law of Ust-Orda AD is blazononed as «Triada is a white triradiated sun. Three rays are three waves running clockwise, one of the rays is upright».
Yury Rocich, 01 Jun 2000

I’ve searched in mongol etnographic ornaments: the most common “triade” are «three furnace (fireplace) stones — father, mother and child» but graphical symbol is not presented by star or sun.
Gvido Pētersons, 02 Jun 2000

Also known as an obo, widely found from Siberia to Tibet; according to Owen Lattimore High Tartary, 1930 (reprint 1994):

Obos have been described as graves by at least one pair of travelers. They are in fact obos of the kind that Qirghiz and Qazaqs, like the Mongols, Tibetans, and all the folk of the inner lands of Asia, set up in all memorable places and on peaks, passes, the junction of boundaries, and holy ground. In this place they are raised to the guardian powers of the pass, and staves are set in them, fluttering with tassels, rags, and, by a peculiar custom of the Muzart, the tails of all norses and beasts of transport that have died on the importunate glacier.
Jarig Bakker, 02 Jun 2000

All three related flags (Mongolia’s, Buryatia’s and Agin Buryatia’s) show soyonboes. Ust-Ord Buryatia’s flag, on the other hand, features an argabar, quite similar to the US Dep. of Transportantion logo and to the labaru cantabru, which appears on some cantabrian independentist flags.
Antonio Martins, 05 Sep 2000

Flag of July-September 1997

Flag of Ust-Ord Buriatia
image by Mikhail Revnivtsev, 14 Feb 2003

Law of July,17, 1997:

The flag is green with white horiz. stripe along bottom edge. In green is an argabar emblem in a gold ring with four small gold bezants in the corners. In the centre of the white stripe is a red meandr. Proportions 2:3. Green stripe = 7, white = 1. Meanings:
  • green - immortality, nature, renovation, fauna and flora (forests).
  • white - heavens, cleanness, milk
  • red - blood, fire, warmth, sun, bravery
  • gold - richness, happiness, light of sun
Coat of arms is «white-green shield» (per bend dexter Argent and Vert), gold ring, white argabar, four gold bezants in corners.
Victor Lomantsov, 01 Feb 2000

Coat of arms and first flag of the Buryat autonomous district of Ust-Ordynsky were adopted by the law of autonomous district #19 on July 25, 1997. On September 18, 1997 districtial law #21 was resized green colors on a flag on blue. The coat of arms has remained without variations till now.
Mikhail Revnivtsev, 14 Feb 2003

Green flag was in use in July-September 1997. Blue flag was in use in September 1997 - March 2009 and after July 2011. See for references: Current flag and former flag.
Yuri Pirogov, 30 December 2012

Geser’s flag

The official a.ok. flag was derived from the Geser’s flag used in 1993 in the Center of the Buryat National Culture in Ulan-Ude: that flag was dark blue with the arbagar.
Jan Zrzavy, 19 Jan 2003

Incorrect flag reported

Former flag of UOB
image by Željko Heimer and James Dignan, 19 May 1999

A flag, of unknown symbolism, has been reported. It is gold with two purple stripes at the base.
Stuart Notholt, 08 Dec 1995

This flag is listed under number 125 at the chart Flags of Aspirant Peoples [eba94] as: «Ust-Ordu”n Buryatia - South Siberia».
Ivan Sache, 15 Sep 1999

This flag was adopted Aug 20 1992. One question about the flags of

Is any particular reason or reasons why those flag design pattern are that similar to each other?
Nozomi Kariyasu, 27 Jan 2000