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Komi-Permyak autonomous okrug (Russia)

Komi-Permyatskiĭ avtonomniĭ okrug / Perym Komi avtonomiya kytsh

Last modified: 2021-08-26 by valentin poposki
Keywords: permyakia | parma | komi | perm | zyryan | perna | w | # | national ornament | law | perym komi avtonomiâ kytŝ | komi-permâckiĭ a okr | Парма |
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Коми Пермяцкий автономный округ / Перым-Коми автономия кытш

Parma/KPo flag
image by António Martins, 18 Apr 2000

To make it clear - this is the flag of the former autonomous okrug, which is now incorporated into the Permskiy Kray. It is still an okrug, with a new flag, but no longer autonomous.

See also: External links:
  • Rocih’s page, where you can find information about the flag of the Komi-Permiak autonomous okrug.
    reported by Dirk Schönberger, 05 Dec 2000

Presentation of Komi-Permyak autonomous okrug

(Note: You need an Unicode-aware software and font to correctely view the cyrillic text on this page. See here transliteration details).

  • Name (english): Parma, Permyakia • (local, short form): Парма / 𐍟𐍐𐍠𐍜𐍐 | Parma • (russian, long form): Коми-Пермяцкий округ | Komi-Permâckiĭ okrug • (local, long form): Перым-Коми кытш / 𐍟𐍔𐍠𐍰𐍜 𐍚𐍩𐍜𐍙 𐍚𐍰𐍢𐍥 | Perym Komi kytŝ
  • Local official language: Komian (a.k.a. Zyrian)
  • Capital: Кудымкар / 𐍚𐍣𐍓𐍰𐍜𐍔𐍐𐍠 | Kudymkar
  • Area: 32 900 km2 (≅12 700 sq.mi.) • Population: 150 300 inhabitants in 2000
  • Status: District (округ | okrug) within Perm Territory
  • Federal District: Volga • Economic region: Ural
  • License plate code: 81 • Ham radio code: KP • ISO 3166-2 code: KOP
  • Flag adopted on 1997.06.27 • Coat of arms adopted on 1996.02.12

Although related to the Komi (or Zyrans), Soviet divide-and-rule policies towards ethnic minorities dictated the establishment of a separate region for the Permyaki, and a National Area was created in 1925. Some Komi wish to unite their various regions into a Greater Komi Republic; such aspirations are unlikely to be permitted given the region’s economic importance.
Stuart Notholt, 26 Sep 1995

In Komi-Permyak language the Parma is the hills, which were become overgrown with a fir forest.
Mikhail Revnivtsev, 23 Oct 2005

2008 status change

According to the Federal Constitutional Law from March, 25, 2004 number 1-FKZ About creation of new subject of the Russian Federation in structure of the Russian Federation in result associations of the Oblast of Perm’ and Komi-Permyakian autonomous Okrug this new subject of the Russian Federation is considered formed since December, 1, 2005.

This new subject of the Russian Federation will have a new name the Kray of Perm’. The Oblast of Perm’ and Komi-Permyakian autonomous okrug stop existence as subjects of the Russian Federation since December, 1, 2005.

Komi-Permyakian autonomous Okrug will be transformed into Komi-Permyakian Okrug, as an administrative-territorial unit of the Kray of Perm’ with uniform territory and special status, determined by the Charter (Ustav) of the Kray of Perm’ accordingly. It is probable, that the Kray of Perm’ will keep flag and coat of arms of the Oblast of Perm’. But it is not established yet lawfully. Not clear till now, whether will have Komi-Permyakian Okrug own flag and coat of arms.

Mikhail Revnivtsev, 20 Oct 2005

Now structure of KPAO includes 1 city (Kudymkar, Town of Kudym in Komi-Permyak language) and 6 rayons (districts) which are first-levels municipalities:

  • Rayon of Gayny (Гайнский район);
  • Rayon of Kosa (Косинский район);
  • Rayon of Kochevo (Кочевский район);
  • Rayon of Kudymkar (Кудымкарский район);
  • Rayon of Yurla (Юрлинский район);
  • Rayon of Yusiva (Юсьвинский район).
These municipalities have the right to the flags and the coats of arms, and some from them have them. These municipalities will exist (will continue existence) and in structure of KPO, and will rule separately from other rayons of the Kray of Perm’.
Mikhail Revnivtsev, 26 May 2006

Meaning that the current KPao will somehow “survive” territorially, even if devoided of its autonomy. It may even retain its flag (or the right to have a flag, at least).
António Martins, 23 May 2006

Description of the flag

The proportions of flag of Komi-Permiak AD was 2:3 according to law of Komi-Permiak AD About The Flag of Komi-Permiak AD from 12/02/96 (signed by governor N. Poluânov on 19.02.1996). But on 27/06/1997 new law #10 of Komi-Permiak AD About modifications of The law of Komi-Permiak AD "About The Flag of Komi-Permiak AD" from 12/02/1996 was passed (came into power on 14.07.1997). According this new law the flag of Komi-Permiak AD is red-white-blue and in the center of white stripe there is emblem — red perna; proportion of flag is 1:2. This law changed (defined a little) the description: «… red perna (two right and two left fragments in saltire)…». The ends of perna not touch to red and blue stripes.
Yury Rocich, 01 Feb 2000 and 03 Feb 2000, and Victor Lomantsov, 06 Mar 2000

According to Mikhail Revnivtsev’s paper in recent issue of Vexilologie 120 [rev01], Komi Permyak Autonomous District — the bottom stripe is light blue, flag ratio originally 2:3 (19-02-1996), since 14-07-1997 it is 1:2.
Jan Zrzavy, 14 Jul 2003

Shape of perna

Perna is some kind of national symbol of the Komi-Permiaks.
Dirk Schönberger, 05 Dec 2000

I have a drawing of the emblem of Komi-Permiakskiy a.o., acquired in 1999. The perna (not "perma") is like a tilted "#".
Victor Lomantsov, 08 Dec 2000

I’m willing to bet that the perna is some kind of sun sign. This version bears a topological resemblance to the sun sign in the flag of New Mexico.
Al Kirsch, 07 Dec 2000

The problem is that the symbol isn’t described exactly in the regulation; it is considered “implicit knowledge”. The knowledge isn’t exactly wide-spread outside the Komi-Permiak territory.
Dirk Schönberger, 06 Dec 2000

Standard of the Head of Administration

Gov. flag
image by Victor Lomantsov and António Martins, 10 Jun 2007

Personal flag of governors of the Komi-Permyak Autonomous Region has the original figure.
Sergey Filatov, 10 Oct 2005

about the Official Symbols of Authority
of the Head of Administration Komi-Permyak Autonomous District

It is accepted Legislative Assembly of the Komi-Permyak Autonomous District
November, 29, 2000

Description of Standart (Flag) of the Head of Administration Komi-Permyak Autonomous District

The description of standart (flag) of the head of Administration of Komi-Permyak Autonomous District:

The Standart (flag) of the head of Administration of Komi-Permyak Autonomous District represents a square panel of three equal horizontal stripes following the colors of the national colours of Komi-Permyak Autonomous District: top — red, middle — white, bottom — dark blue. The top left corner of a panel is connected with bottom right and top right to the bottom left corner two parallel beams of white color, which are crossed in the centre of a panel. On this crossing in the centre of the middle white stripe the figure of a bear, in red, facing the staff. In the centre of the top stripe the element of the national ornament (“Perna”) is located. The panel is surrounded by a yellow fringe.

translated by Sergey Filatov, 10 Oct 2005

Most of these flags are squarish (about 11:12), rigid and fringed variants of the region (Governors) or Republic (Presidents) flags with the regional emblem over all.
António Martins, 02 Oct 2005

Former flag

Parma flag
image by António Martins, 18 Apr 2000

This 2:3 version of the same flag was the official flag for the 1996.02.12-1997.06.27 period…
António Martins, 04 Feb 2000

Alternate representations of the perna

The problem is that the symbol isn’t described exactly in the regulation.
Dirk Schönberger, 06 Dec 2000

Perhaps perna isn’t really a symbol, but more of a class of symbols…
Dirk Schönberger, 28 Dec 2002

Spoked-"#"-shaped perna

wrong flag
image by Dirk Schönberger, 05 Dec 2000

This version is another try on a correct version, based on an image of the coat of arms of the capital of Komi Permiak territory, Kudymkar, from this website. On these arms is shown a central symbol (perna). I tried to discuss the matter with some vex-colleagues of mine, and he stands to his opinion that this image (drawn after his description) is more correct. Unfortunately I don’t have a source.
Dirk Schönberger, 06 Dec 2000 and 08 Dec 2000

We have to asume that the emblems Kudymkar and Parma itself show differently shaped pernas, respectively spoked and simple tilted octothrope ("#"). Very strange..
António Martins, 15 Oct 2002

"W"-shaped perna

wrong flag
image by Rick Wyatt, 02 Apr 1998, and Pascal Gross, 03 Feb 2000

Our site used to show the perna emblem similar to a "W". What was the source for this?
António Martins, 01 May 2002

Some time ago it was popular belief [among vexillologists] that the perna is shaped similar to the letter "W", which is also possible, given the description…
Dirk Schönberger, 08 Dec 2000

Ethnic flags?

Are these “ethnic” flags used at all? By whom? I’d expect “nationalists” in Komi Permâkskiĭ a okr to use an undefaced Komi flag. After all, the differences between “zirians” and “permyaki” are artificial and exogenous, and thus bound to be refused by pan-komian nationalists.
António Martins, 07 Feb 2000

Blue green white flag

wrong flag
image by António Martins, 18 Apr 2000

The flag reported as adopted by Komi permiak in 1991 was blue green white (1:2:1).
Jaume Ollé, 06 Feb 2000

Nationalist flag

wrong flag
image by Rick Wyatt, 02 Apr 1998, and António Martins, 06 Oct 1999 and 18 Apr 2000

Nationalist people used the white green blue flag with emblem in upper hoist, colors based in the ones adopyted by their relatives Komi Zirian. But one think is people Komi Permiak and other is Komi Permiak AD.
Jaume Ollé, 06 Feb 2000

Coat of arms

Emblem (coat of arms) of Komi-Permyak a.o. were adopted 12 Febr. 1996. The shield divided horizontally on three parts: red, white and blue. The white national emblem perna placed on red stripe; a red bear is on the white stripe.
Victor Lomantsov, 28 Mar 2001

Anything below this line was not added by the editor of this page.