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Contemporary Separatist Movements (Brazil)

Last modified: 2016-11-30 by ian macdonald
Keywords: politics | pampas republic | separatist | stars: 13 | stars (white) | cross | santa catarina | rio grande do sul | parana |
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Movement for the Independence of the Pampas (Pampas Republic)

Movimento pela Independência do Pampa

Pampas Republic Flag image by Joseph McMillan

There's a movement which wishes to separate Paraná, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul from Brazil, and form a "Pampas Republic."
Pedro Aguiar, 16 April 1997

In Flags of Aspirant Peoples is an entry for "Republic of the Pampas (separatist movement) - South Brazil," a black Scandinavian cross with a yellow fimbriation on a red field. Blue disc centered over the cross with yellow fimbriation, including a constellation of 13 stars. 
Ivan Sache, 18 September 1999

We are trying to separate the states of Paraná, Santa Catarina, and Rio Grande do Sul from the rest of Brazil. We are trying to form the Pampas Republic. The website is
Anonymous, 4 November 2000

According to its website, the Movement for the Independence of the Pampa (Movimento pela Independência do Pampa) is led by a gentleman named Irton Marx, who seems to be a repeatedly unsuccessful candidate for state and federal office from Rio Grande do Sul. The group believes that the United States is controlling Brazil, citing as evidence the resemblance between many Brazilian state flags and the Stars and Stripes. It holds that AIDS is a plot by the United States. Domestically, the MIP believes that Rio Grande do Sul's resources are being drained away by the federal government for the benefit of other regions of the country, and that "conservatism is the Brazilian cancer." It also argues that the culture of Brazil's three southernmost states (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, and Paraná) is more related to the "Platine" cultures of Uruguay and Argentina than to that of the rest of Brazil.
Joseph McMillan, 29 June 2002

Our goal is to restore the Rio-Grandense Republic's independence. We support the restoration of the independence of the Juliana Republic (today Santa Catarina state) and of Paraná state (never independent before), but this much different than joining them in the same country. Some peoples defend join these three states in a new country, but is not our official goal. Irton Marx is no longer MIP's leader or member. [Regarding the United States' being responsible for AIDS:] As a separatist movement, we publish some unpublished-in-Brazil news so our visitors can think and create their own opinions.
"Salini," 2 October 2003

The current version of the MIP website, under the heading Biblioteca then Documentos do MIP includes a document entitled "Principles of the Federal Movement of the Pampas" that says "To unify Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina and Paraná in a free federation independent of Brazil." Another document entitled "the new political map of South America" shows a "República do Pampa" in place of the three states concerned.
Joseph McMillan, 2 October 2003

Three star blue flag

Pampas Republic Flag image by Peter Hans van den Muijzenberg, 7 October 2008

I found another version of their flag at website "O Sul e o Meu Pais" (The South is My Country) The flag is blue with three white five-pointed stars at upper left corner - symbolizing states Paraná), Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul.
Jakub Grombíř, 3 October 2008

This flag can be found at; their description, though very precise, unfortunately appears to be incomplete. Existence in the cloth can be seen at

I've chosen a middle ground here: 3:5 would seem an acceptable ratio, and very dark blue (B++) an acceptable shade. I've tried to keep as close as possible to the star arrangement on the website, as they appear to be very particular about them. In the photograph the stars seem large, though.

The Movimento pela Independência do Pampa website now leads to; at still indicates the same area. They do now use the Rio Grande do Sul state flag without charge as their main graphic, presumably as representation of the Rio Grande Republic flag. According to our pages, that flag was slightly different, and what they use is the flag Jaume Ollé mentions as the first flag of the state of Rio Grande do Sul. He does mention it's a design from 1835, though, which would suggest it's supposed to be the same as the flag of the republic.
Peter Hans van den Muijzenberg, 7 October 2008

São Paulo Separatist Movements

There are some separatist movements and neo-Nazi groups in São Paulo State in Brazil. In general, they want the indepedence of the state and expulsion of northwestern [Brazilian] migrants. Itīs just because the southern states have a white majority population (São Paulo, e.g., is an Italian majority population) while the northern states have a mixed race population. The south of Brazil is in general a developed area with better social indicators than the north. São Paulo is the 20th biggest economy in the world and Rio de Janeiro is the 4th economy of Latin America.
André Pires Godinho, 17 May 2003

Orgulho Paulista (Paulista Pride)

Orgulho Paulista (Brazil)by André Pires Godinho

The flag of the separatist movement Orgulho Paulista chages the Brazilian map in the circle on the state flag to a map of São Paulo state.
André Pires Godinho, 17 May 2003

Movimento São Paulo Independente (Independent São Paulo Movement)

Independent São Paulo 
Movement (Brazil)by André Pires Godinho

This flag is of the Movimento São Paulo Independente (Independent São Paulo Movement), where the circle is filled with the initials MMDC of the 1932 Constitutionalist Revolution.
André Pires Godinho, 17 May 2003