This page is part of © FOTW Flags Of The World website

Mariy-El in 1992-2006 (Russia)

Last modified: 2011-11-05 by andrew weeks
Keywords: sun: 4 rays | different reverse | law | clay | national ornament | mariĭ Êl | Марий Эл | bulygin (g. n.) | kazakov (v. g.) | danilov (a.) |
Links: FOTW homepage | search | disclaimer and copyright | write us | mirrors



old flag of Mariy-El
by Željko Heimer and António Martins, 03 Mar 1999 | two-sided
See also: External links:

Description and history of the flag

According the Resolution relative to the flag and the coat of arms of the Republic of Marii-El of the 3rd of September 1992, the flag has three horizontal stripes (1:2:1), the first is blue, the second is white and the third is red. On the white stripe, at a distance to the hoist equal to the width of this white stripe, there is a local ornament (a stylised sun) and under, the name of the Republic in cyrillic letters:

Марий Эл

The sun and the letters are dark red. The colours blue, white and red remind the colours of the Russian flag. The ornament is a stylised sun, also the eternity, fertility, life. This dark brown red colour reminds the fact that in Marii El legends, it is said that life originally came from brown clay [see also the Bible].
Pascal Vagnat, 13 Sep 1997, quoting from [cdd]

The flag was designed by G. Bulygin and A. Danilov. In original russian text of the Law the colours of flag are «azure, white and scarlet». As you know they are the official colours of russian flag before 1993. Mariy El copied the russian colour names for their own flag law.
Victor Lomantsov, 01 May 2000

Symbolism

According to Jiři Tenora [jtn02] the sun symbol on the flag of Mordovia is divided into four parts symbolizing the four Mordovian tribes.
Ivan Sache, 18 Apr 2002

I wonder which four tribes these are — Mordovians are not an ethno-linguistically homogenous groups, that is sure, but the main division is twofold: Mokshians and Erzians, and these are diverse enough from each other, and enough homogenous within, to make any subdivision of these two groups look inimportant comparing with the primary division.
António Martins, 07 May 2002

The fragment of the national ornament has two meanings: it represents the an archaic element of the rural civilisations (a stylized sun, source of fecundity, life and eternity) and its reddish brown colour refers to a very ancient legend of the Mari people. Life on earth is said to have stemmed from brown clay. The supreme god Kugu-Jumo gave it to his junior brother, who swam as a bird in the primordial ocean.
Ivan Sache, 30 Apr 2000, based on [jtn99]

Usage

Judging from the text of the law, it seems that the use of the flag is rather restricted and that there is no “civil” flag for private use.
Ivan Sache, 30 Apr 2000

The law section about flag usage (par. 3 bellow) is virtually identical to any other russian subnational flag law — thus unrestricted, even if seldom, usage by private citizens is to be expected.
António Martins, 04 Jun 2000

Replacement

Projects for new symbols of the republic are currently under preparation, because the current symbols do not abide some hrealdry rules (information sent by cheif heraldist Izmail Efimov, creator of the new symbols).
Dmitriĭ Ivanov (webmaster, Mariy-El gov site), 15 Aug 2001

On November, 28th 2006 adopted law about new flag and new coat of arms, [with some changes].
Mikhail Revnivtsev, 04 Dec 2006


Law text

Confirmed by decision of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Mariy-El, #368-III of 3 September 1992

Decree about the state flag of the Republic of Mariy-El

  1. The state flag of the Republic of Mariy-El is a state symbol of the Republic of Mariy-El.
  2. The state flag of the Republic of Mariy-El is made of a rectangular field with three horizontal stripes: the upper stripe is azure blue and its width is 1/4 of the flag width, the middle stripe is white and its width is 1/2 of the flag width, the lower stripe is red and its width is 1/4 of the flag width. The length of the flag is related to its width by a ratio of 2:1. In the left half of the white stripe, near to the flag hoist, is represented a fragment of a Mari national ornament. It is inscribed in a square, whose side equals 1/4 of the flag width. Below is the writing MARIY EL. The emblem and the inscription are reddish brown. The distance between the geometrical center of the ornament and the hoist is 1/2 of the flag width. The distance between the geometrical center of the ornament and the lower edge of the blue stripe is 1/5 of the flag width. The thickness of the lines of the ornament is 1/50 of the flag width. The writing MARIY EL is inscribed in a rectangle, whose sides equal 1/4 and 1/10 of the flag width. The rectangle is placed below the ornament 1/20 of the flag width from the upper edge of the red stripe. The height of the small capital letters is 3/4 the height of the normal capital letters. The lines constituting the letters have a thickness of 1/10 of the height of the small capitals. [See construction sheet bellow — ed.]
  3. The state flag of the Republic of Mariy-El should be hoisted:
    1. on the buildings in which the President of the Republic of Mariy-El, the Supreme Council of the Republic of Mariy-El, the Government of the Republic of Mariy-El, the local Councils of the People’s Deputies and the Supreme Chiefs of the Administration are housed — permanently.
    2. on the buildings in which the sessions of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Mariy-El and the local Councils of the People’s Deputies take place — during the entire duration of the session.
    3. on the buildings of the Ministries, State Boards, Administrations and other state organisms of the Republic of Mariy-El, as well as on houses for feast and memorial days.
  4. The state flag of the Republic of Mariy-El may occasionnaly be hoisted during ceremonies and other festivities organized by state organisms or social organizations.
  5. When the flags of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Mariy-El are hoisted together, both must be exactly at the same height.
  6. A sketch of the state flag of the Republic of Mariy-El is represented on the chest badge of the People’s Deputies of the Republic of Mariy-El and of the local Councillors of the People’s Deputies.
  7. The state flag of the Republic of Mariy-El and its representations must, regardless of the size, match exactly the colour and black-and-white illustrations attached to this decree.
translated by Ivan Sache, 30 Apr 2000, from [jtn99]

Construction sheet

Flag of Mariy-El
by António Martins and Željko Heimer, 17 Feb 2000 | two-sided

Different reverse

Reverse of the flag of Mari-El
image by Željko Heimer, 11 May 1996 | two-sided reverse

Nothing is said about the reverse side of flag in the text of the law. But when the law on flag was published in main newspapers in Mariy-El, it was accompanied with two drawings (I have this newspaper): averse and reverse of the flag. Reverse is without the emblem.
Victor Lomantsov, 01 May 2000

There are no letterings nor sun on the reverse of the flag, there is nothing on the white stripe. This flag is one of the rare flags to have an obverse different from the reverse.
Pascal Vagnat, 13 Sep 1997 and 28 Mar 1999

See also: Incorrect reverse in use


Presidential Standard

Mary pres. flag
image by António Martins, 02 Oct 2005

The simplest variants of standarts are accepted in Republics. This imposing of the arms on a national flag. Such symbols have heads of Republic Maria El.
Sergey Filatov, 10 Oct 2005

The Decree Of The President Of Republic Maria El About Standart (Flag) Of The President Of Republic Maria El

  1. To establish, that the main symbol of presidential authority in Republic Maria El is standart (flag) of president of the Republic Maria El.
  2. To ratify the description of standart (flag) of the president Republic Maria El and figure of standart (flag) of the president Republic Maria El.

translated by Sergey Filatov, 10 Oct 2005

The top and bottom stripes seems thinner in Sergey Filatov’s image than in the official republic flag
António Martins, 02 Oct 2005

Most of these flags are squarish (about 11:12), rigid and fringed variants of the region (Governors) or Republic (Presidents) flags with the regional emblem over all.
António Martins, 02 Oct 2005


Coat of Arms

Coat of arms
image by Dmitriĭ Ivanov (webmaster, Mariy-El gov site), 15 Aug 2001

The coat-of-arm shows the same device on a golden shield, with ears of wheat, oak leaves and pine needles, all tied by the national [maryan] colors.
Giuseppe Bottasini, quoting [zig94]

It strikingly resambles the soviet russian emblem (and consequentely the soviet maryan emblem).
António Martins, 23 Nov 2002


Anything below this line was not added by the editor of this page.