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The Netherlands - Kingdom of the Netherlands
Koninkrijk der Nederlanden, Nederland
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by António Martins, 22 April 1999
Flag adopted 19 February 1937, coat of
arms adopted 10 July 1907.
Usage of the flag
The Dutch tricolour is the national flag, flag of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
(which includes the Netherlands Antilles, Aruba
and until its independence in 1975 Suriname), merchant
flag, naval ensign and war flag. Until 1931 also used as Naval
On 19 February 1937 Queen Wilhelmina decided by Order in council that:
"The colours of the flag of the Kingdom of the Netherlands are red, white
and blue." In 1958 the colours were defined more precisely as bright vermilion
and cobalt blue.
Source: Nederlands vlaggenboek: Vlaggen van Nederland, provincies
en gemeenten [sie62].
Mark Sensen, 26 Feb 1998
van der Vaart
An orange pennant is hoisted above the national flag on birthdays of
members of the Royal House or other occasions in which the Royal House
is involved, except when hoisted half mast.
Mark Sensen, 22 Feb 1998
Sensen, 22 February 1998
In May and June you can tell which families have students who have graduated.
Outside the house the flag is put out, with the school bag at the top of
Mark Sensen, 22 February 1998
The Dutch tricolour was first used in the second half of the 16th century
when the Dutch provinces revolted against Spain. Their leader was Prince
William of Orange. The flag was named "Prinsenvlag" ("Princeflag") after
him. At first the flag was orange-white-blue,
but later the orange stripe became red.
The Republic of the Seven United Netherlands was established in 1581,
but did not include the Southern Netherlands (nowadays Belgium
and Luxembourg, which were united with the Netherlands
1815-1830). After the Eighty Years' War independence was recognised by
Mark Sensen, 28 February 1996
Most of the time under French occupation (1795-1813) Holland, called
the Batavian Republic, had the same flag as during the Dutch Republic (end
16th c. -1795), and the Kingdom of the Netherlands (1813-1940 and 1945-now):
red-white-blue. Even Louis Napoleon, King of Holland 1806-1810, maintained
this flag, and Dutch history says he did a good job and tried his best.
Only in the early days of French occupation (when Holland was the Batavian
Republic, 1795-1806) a horizontal red-white-blue flag existed with
a canton showing the "Virgin of Holland", and during incorporation in France
(1810-1813) the French tricolore (vertical blue-white-red)
Gerard van der Vaart, 26 January 1996
During the Second World War the red-white-blue was still the national
flag, but its use was restricted by the German
(Source: Jos Poels in [vxn]
Nostra no. 198, May/June 1995.)
Mark Sensen, 27 January 1996
Official adoption of the flag
The flag of the Netherlands was adopted by Order in Council 19 February
1937, no. 93, but there is no official law.
Also the Kingdom of the Netherlands, formed in 1954 with the following
member states: the Netherlands (ie. the territory in Europe), Netherlands
Antilles, Suriname (until 1975), and Aruba
(since 1986), has no official law, although in practice the red-white-blue
tricolour is considered the "Koninkrijksvlag" ("Flag of the Kingdom").
Mark Sensen, 8 March 1999
Note that Zell am See is in Austria, where the queen was on holiday!
19 Februari 1937 nr. 93
Wij Wilhelmina, bij de gratie Gods, Koningin der Nederlanden, Prinses
van Oranje-Nassau, enz., enz., enz.
Op de voordracht van Onzen Minister van Staat, Minister van Koloniën,
Voorzitter van den Raad van Ministers van 5 Februari 1937, No.486, Kabinet
Hebben goedgevonden en verstaan: te bepalen:
De kleuren van de vlag van het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden zijn rood,
wit en blauw.
Onzen Ministers, Hoofden van Departementen van Algemeen Bestuur, zijn
belast met de uitvoering van dit besluit, hetwelk in de Staatscourant zal
Zell am See, den 19 Februari 1937.
De Minister van Staat, Minister van Koloniën, Voorzitter van den
Raad van Ministers,
Order in Council
19 February 1937 no. 93
We Wilhelmina, by the grace of God, Queen of the Netherlands, Princess
of Orange-Nassau, etc., etc., etc.
On the recommendation of Our Minister of State, Minister of Colonies,
President of the Council of Ministers of 5 February 1937, No.486, Cabinet
Have approved and understand:
The colours of the flag of the Kingdom of the Netherlands are red,
white and blue.
Our Ministers, Heads of Departments of General Administration, are
in charge of this resolution, which will be published in the Gazette.
Zell am See, the 19th February 1937.
The Minister of State, Minister of Colonies, President of the Council
Mark Sensen, 11 March 1999