Last modified: 2013-08-04 by ivan sache
Keywords: hydra | ydra | attica | cross (white) | anchor (white) | snake (green) | owl (yellow) | athena | miaoulis | cross (yellow) | cross (red) | saltire (white) |
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The municipality of Hydra (2,719 inhabitants in 2001; 6,443 ha) is mostly made of the island of the same name, located close to the eastern coast of Peloponnese, west of Spetses island. From 1770 onwards, Hydra was the main port of insurrected Greece, with a population peaking at more than 20,000. The wealthy shipowners and corsairs from Hydra strongly supported the insurrection, the most famous of them being the Coundoriofis family.
On 8 September 1822, the joint fleets from Hydra, Psara and Spetses defeated the Ottoman Navy near Spetses.
Ivan Sache, 2 February 2005
Flag of Hydra - Image modified from [k7k97] by Eugene Ipavec, 24 November 2009
According to the book Hellenic flags
[k7k97], the flag designed in Hydra during the Greek War of Independence is blue with a red border, a white crescent, cross and spear with a red flag charged with Athena's head flying from the spear; a white anchor upside down, "fouled" by a green snake and a yellow owl biting the snake; and a quarter of a yellow sun, with a blue disc and the eye of God in white, in the upper left corner.
The black writing "Η ΤΑΝ Η ΕΠΙ ΤΑΣ 1821" is added on the crescent.
Bruce Tindall & Pascal Vagnat, 20 May 1995
The motto on the flag, written in Dorian, the Greek dialect spoken by ancient Spartans, means "With it or on it". According to a legend, when a mother in ancient Sparta farewelled her young son who was leaving for war, she gave him his shield and told him the above sentence, which means "Come back bringing it back, or come back on it [dead]". It was a terrible disgrace for an ancient Greek warrior and its relatives to leave his shield on the battlefield, while warriors killed at battle were carried back to their relatives on their shields. Today this sentence is used on several flags of Greek military units.
Stelios Kutrakis, 4 May 1998
Miaoulis' standard - Image by Ivan Sache, 5 February 2003, after a replica kept by the Historical and Folklore Society of Acharnae
Quoting the Nostos website:
Andreas Miaoulis (1769-1835) was born on the island of Hydra. At the age of 17 he became captain of a commercial ship. During the Napoleonic wars he managed, due to his courageous sea operations, to accumulate considerable wealth. From the second year of the Greek revolution he was appointed Admiral of the Greek fleet. He defeated the Turkish navy near Patra and the Turko-Egyptian navy near Geronda, and on many occasions he was able to provide supplies for Greek cities besieged by the Turks (for instance Messolonghi).
The book Hellenic flags [k7k97] shows Miaoulis' standard as a white flag with a yellow cross. The canton of the flag is blue with a red cross and a white saltire. The date "182"1 is written in black in the middle of the flag. The revolutionary motto "ΕΛΕΥΘΕΡΙΑ Η ΘΑΝΑΤΟΣ" (Freedom or Death, the main motto of this war and the current national motto of Greece) is horizontally written, in black, in the lower part of the flag.
Ivan Sache, 5 February 2003