Last modified: 2013-07-13 by ivan sache
Keywords: chevillotte freres | letters: cf (red) |
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House flag of Chevillotte - lmage by Jarig Bakker
Information on Chevillotte can be found in two papers published in the Cahiers de l'Iroise, the quarterly review of the Société d'Études de Brest et du Léon, No. 166 (Bretons dans la Grande Guerre), April 1995:
- France et Jean-Paul Chevillotte, La compagnie Chevillotte Frères dans la Grande Guerre (pp. 41-46);
- Annie Henwood, Activités de la Société d'Études: février 1995 (p. 77) (report of a conference by Jean-Paul Chevillotte, given on 14 February).
The Chevillotte family, from Burgundy came to Brest at the end of the 18th century. The merchant and manufacturer Jean Chevillotte started shipping activity in 1841, with great success due to the creation of the commerce port of Brest. At the end of the 19th century, Chevillotte operated ten small ships, mostly built in
Britain and named after places in Finistère.
The 1893 law favoured the sailing ships to the detriment of the steamships. In 1906, a new law attempted to boost the merchant navy; however, the big ships required important funds and were underused, which caused a decrease in the price of freight. The facilities in the port of Brest were insufficient and inadequate and the handling charges increased. The Chevillotte building was attacked during the 1904 dockers' strike.
The Compagnie Brestoise de Navigation à Vapeur sold its ships to Chevillotte in 1911. The colpany's restructuring programme was stopped by the breakout of the First World War.Chevillotte lost four ships commissioned by the French Navy, that is 40% of the fleet. The company sold its last five ships in February 1924. In 1925, the Chevillotte registered as shipping agents.
Ivan Sache & Jan Mertens, 28 December 2004
Brown's Flags and Funnels of British and Foreign Steamship Companies [wed26] shows the house flag of Chevillotte as white with a red border and the red letters "CF" in the middle.
Jarig Bakker, 20 December 2004