Last modified: 2012-10-13 by ivan sache
Keywords: parti de gauche | front de gauche |
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Flag of PG, newer (left) and older (right) versions - Images by Ivan Sache, 3 April 2012
Parti de Gauche (PG, Party of the Left) was founded on 1 February
2009 by the senator Jean-Luc Mélenchon and the representative Marc
Dolez as a splinter of the Parti Socialiste (PS).
Mélenchon and Dolez were the leaders of the two leftist courants (trends) of the PS called "Trait d'union" and "Forces militantes", respectively. The stormy congress of the PS held at Reims in November 2008 caused a scission in the party, which was aggravated by the controversial election of Martine Aubry as the First Secretary of the Party. The two founders of the PG left the PS on 7 November, following the controversial results of the militants' votes to select the dominant courant of the party. On 12 November 2008, they announced the foundation of a new leftist party on the model of the German party Die Linke. Oskar Lafontaine, co-chairman of Die Linke, attended the founding meeting of the PG, held on 29 November at l'Île-Saint-Denis. The formal, founding congress of the PG was held on 31 January and 1 February 2009 at Limeil-Brévannes.
The PG has been rallied by most members of the former courants led by Mélenchon and Dolez, respectively, including senators,
representatives, regional and general councillors, and mayors. The
small Mouvement de la Gauche Progressiste, founded in Le Mans by the
former Mayor Robert Jarry in 1989, and the MARS-Gauche Républicaine, founded in 2007 by Éric Coquerel, asked their members to join the PG, too.
Since its foundation, the PG has started discussion with the other leftist parties opposed to the PS to present united lists in the next European elections. As of today, they have set up the Front de Gauche in an alliance with the Parti Communiste Français (PCF).
In the first round of the 2012 presidential elections, Jean-Luc Mélenchon, the official candidate of the Front de Gauche, obtained 11.11% of the votes. In the legislative election that followed, the PG obtained only one representative, Marc Dolez, one of the 10 seats won by the Front de Gauche.
Ivan Sache, 18 June 2012
The flag of the PG, seen in street demonstrations, reproduces the party's logo, that is the name of the party written in white letters on a dark red field.
The party recently amended its corporate image to highlight its
concern for environmentalism. The party's red flag was amended,
accordingly, by the addition of a green horizontal stripe in the base (flag).
The change is quite recent. On photos taken during a street demonstration organized on 4 September 2011 by the Front de Gauche, all the flags of the PG are red.
Ivan Sache, 3 April 2012
PG-related flag - Image by Ivan Sache, 23 April 2012
A variant of the PG flag, red with a vertical green stripe placed near the fly, has been designed by Michel Gressier, a "wind visual artist" living in Saint-Pierre-des-Corps. In early April 2012, Gressier hoisted two copies of the flag on the facade of the seat of the Parti Communiste in Saint-Pierre-des-Corps (photos), as a support to Jean-Luc Mélenchon, President of the PG and the candidate representing the Front de Gauche in the 2012 presidential election.
Ivan Sache, 23 April 2012