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Andalusia (Spain)

Andalucía, Autonomous Community of Andalusia, Comunidad Autónoma de Andalucía

Last modified: 2010-10-08 by eugene ipavec
Keywords: spain | andalusia | andalucía | coat of arms (lions: 2) | coat of arms (hercules) |
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[Andalucia (Spain)] 2:3
image by Antonio Gutiérrez, taken with permission from the S.E.V. website

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The designer was Blas Infante [see Historical Flags]. The current design was made official by Organic Law 6/81 of 30th December 1981, published in the Boletín Oficial del Estado 9th January 1982.

Jaume Ollé, 07 Jan 1999

The flag is flown on the 4th of December, the National Day of Andalusia (Andalucía)

Jesús Vergara, 06 Jun 2005


The S.E.V. website uses a very dark green in Andalusian flags and shows legal texts containing two colour specifications, a CIELAB one:

Tono H (Hue)           180,0º
Croma C (Chroma)       35,0
Claridad L (Luminance) 38,0
Tolerance              Five CIELAB units
and a CIE 1931 one:
Y 6,7
x 0,203
y 0,359
Using the Colour Metric Converter, I found that the latter specification gives a very dark green indeed, RGB 0-77,5-69,8 whose nearest browser safe equivalent is RGB 0-102-51.

Santiago Dotor, 27 Nov 2000

Detail of Flag (Coat of Arms)

[Andalucia (Spain)]
image by Klaus-Michael Schneider, 15 Dec 2009

Between two white pillars with yellow Ionic capitals stands Hercules, dressed in the pelt of the Nemean Lion, separating two other lions from one another. Hercules and the lions are white, the pelt clothing Hercules and the manes of both lions are brownish. The tops of both pillars are connected by an embowed green-white-green triband. On the white stripe is a Latin inscription in black capitals “DOMINATOR HERCVLES FUNDATOR” ("Lord Hercules Founder"). Beneath the feet of the group is a horizontal green-white-green triband, framed yellow, upon which are centred Spanish inscriptions in black capitals: “ANDALVCÍA POR SÍ” (upper green stripe) “PARA ESPAÑA” (middle white stripe) “Y LA HVMANIDAD” (lower green stripe), meaning "Andalusia by herself, for Spain and all mankind" (Andalusia being personified as female).

I saw this coat of arms in the centre of various Andalusian flags; the above version is based on a photo shot in Rota on 2 November 2009.

Klaus-Michael Schneider, 15 Dec 2009

Optional Civil Flag

[Andalucia (Spain), optional civil flag] 2:3
image by Antonio Gutiérrez, taken with permission from the S.E.V. website

Municipal Flags

There is information and coats-of-arms of all the municipalities of the eight provinces of Andalusia at the SIMA website (Sistema de Información Multiterritorial de Andalucía).

Blas Delgado, 25 Nov 2001

It is a pity that heraldical precision is not one of the aims of this (official) website. The dexter side of the Villanueva del Arzobispo arms is shown yellow not blue (blazon says Azure) and the crown is depicted open not closed. The tower in Cazalilla's arms is shown yellow not white (blazon says Argent) and once more the crown is shown open. Not a good reference at all. However, it is useful in providing local statistical information.

Santiago Dotor, 26 Nov 2001