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Costa Rica - Political Flags - National - Part 1

Last modified: 2013-08-14 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: costa rica |
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Overview

Most of these mational level parties have no significant following.  The February 2002 parliamentary elections gave seats in the Legislative Assembly to only five of the fifty parties: 
- Unidad Social Cristiana (Social Christian Unity Party (PUSC)) - 19
- Partido Liberación Nacional (National Liberation Party (PLN)) - 17
- Partido Acción Ciudadana (Citizens Action Party (PAC)) - 14
- Partido Movimiento Libertario (Libertarian Movement Party (PML)) - 6
- Partido Renovación Costarricense (Costa Rica Renovation Party (PRC)) - 1
The presidential run-off election in April 2002 was won by the PUSC candidate with 58% to the PLN's 42%.
Joe McMillan, 5 March 2003

I am presenting below updates on the parties - several of them have disappeared. I would suggest to present first the parties still active or with historical significance. Updated information on the parties and their current status is available at the Electoral Supreme Court website.
Most flags presented on this page are based on information once  retrieved from the Electoral Supreme Court website. However, the website shows the emblems and not the flags. A warning notice should be added at the top of the page, stating that, unless explicitly stated, the flags are unconfirmed. The images of the emblems can be seen here.
Ivan Sache, 31 July 2013


Alianza Nacional Cristiana (National Christian Alliance)


image by Jaume Olle, 9 September 2000

At <www.tse.go.cr> there is the same flag but with different shades. The party was founded on 21 January 1981.
Francisco Manuel Garcia, 11 Febuary 2003 and Dov Gutterman, 28 Febuary 2003

Registered on 3 August 1981 and cancelled on 22 February 2007. Merged into Movimiento Libertario in 2005.
Ivan Sache, 31 July 2013


Alianza Patriótica - formerly Partido Accion Democratica Alajuelense


image by Ivan Sache, 04 August 2013

As suggedted by its name it is from Alajuela Province. Founded 28 September 1978. The flag is orange charged with white circle.This party is part of Cambio 2000 coalition.
Francisco Manuel Garcia, 11 February 2003 and Dov Gutterman, 28 February 2003

Now Alianza Patriótica (AP), founded on 16 March 2008 and registered, at the national level, by Resolution No. 57 of 20 July 2009.
Ivan Sache, 04 August 2013


Cambio 2000 (Change 2000)


image from <www.tse.go.cr>, located by Francisco Manuel Garcia, 11 February 2003

Coalition between Partido Acción Democratica Alajuelense and  Partido Pueblo Unido. Founded 12 October 2000.
Francisco Manuel Garcia, 11 February 2003 and Dov Gutterman, 28 February 2003

Registered on 24 November 2000 and cancelled on 9 September 2003.
Ivan Sache
, 31 July 2013


Coalición Izquierda Unida (United Left Coalition)


image resized from <www.tse.go.cr>, located by Francisco Manuel Garcia, 2 March 2006

Union of the Partido Vanguardia Popular and Partido Revolucionario de los Trabajadores (Workers' Revolutionary Party).
Flag is red and charged with bold white "IU" with a five points star replacing the dot of the "I"
Source: <www.tse.go.cr>.
Francisco Manuel Garcia and Dov Gutterman, 2 March 2006

Registered on 6 October 2005 and cancelled on 15 November 2006.
Ivan Sache, 31 July 2013


Nuevo Partido Democrático (New Democratic Party)


image by Ivan Sache, 31 July 2013

Same flag is reported at <www.tse.go.cr>. Party founded 18 February 1996.
Francisco Manuel Garcia, 11 February 2003 and Dov Gutterman, 28 February 2003

Registered on 17 July 1997 and cancelled on 7 March 2003.
Ivan Sache, 31 July 2013


Partido Accesibilidad sin Exclusión (Accessibility without Exclusion Party)


image based on <www.tse.go.cr>, located by Francisco Manuel Garcia, 27 February 2006

Partido Accesibilidad sin Exclusión (Accessibility without Exclusion Party) is from San José. Blue flag with bold white "PASE", below it white five icons (male,old male,invalid, old female,female) and below it the party name. The icons and the name are in semi circle. 
Francisco Manuel Garcia and Dov Gutterman, 27 February 2006

Still active, now at the national level. Founded on 21 August 2004 and registered by Resolution No. 19 of 12 May 2009.
According to Article 2 of the party's Statutes, last amended by Resolution No. 1 of 2 December 2012, "The emblem of PASE is a white rectangle charged with the acronym 'PASE' in white letters and seven silhouettes representing, from left to right, a woman, a person using a stick, a mentally disabled person, a person using a wheel-chair, an ear nullified by a transversal stroke, a major adult and a man. Beneath appears the party's name in white curvilinear lettering "
Source: Party's Statutes
Ivan Sache, 04 August 2013


Partido Acción Ciudadana


image by Ivan Sache, 04 August 2013


image by Ivan Sache, 26 January 2002

Dov Gutterman located the website of Partido Acción Ciudadana (Costa Rica): <www.pac.or.cr>. On the bottom of the homepage is shown a 1:2 flag, diagonally divided yellow-red, with the party acronym PAC, in red, placed vertically along the hoist.
One of the picture in the image gallery shows a party meeting <www.pac.or.cr>. Behind the stand is hanging a 2:3 flag, diagonally divided yellow-red, with the party acronym PAC, in black, placed horizontally in the middle of the flag. It seems to me that the acronym was manually added on a "plain" flag (look especially at the weird C letter).
Ivan Sache, 26 January 2002

Same flag as at top but with other proportions appears at <www.tse.go.cr>.
Francisco Manuel Garcia, 11 February 2003 and Dov Gutterman, 28 February 2003

PAC, a social-democrat and progressivist party, was founded on 3 December 2000 by the economist Ottón Solís Fallas (b. 1954) as a splinter of Partido Liberación Nacional (PLN). The party was registered by Resolution No. 086-01 of 27 June 2001. In the 2010 elections, PAC ranked as the second most important party of the country, with 25% of the votes for the presidential election and 11 out of 57 seats in the Chamber of Deputies.
According to Article 2 of the party's Statutes, approved on 3 December 2000 and last revised on 16 May 2010, the party's emblem is a rectangle in proportions 2:1, divided by a diagonal ascending from the lower left angle to the upper right angle, the upper triangle being yellow while the lower triangle is red. At left hoist, on the upper triangle, are placed the red letters "PAC", arranged vertically. Article 4 says that the Party's National Assembly may adopt, in compliance with the Law, other emblems suitable to identify the organizations to the citizens and to characterize it struggle for the public good. There is no description of any flag in the Statutes. The reported flag are clearly derived from the prescribed party's emblem.
Source: PAC Statutes
Photos:
http://www.crhoy.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/Margarita-Bola&#241;os.jpg 
http://www.diariowebcentroamerica.com/politica/costa-rica-denuncia-por-impuestos-destapa-manejos-irregulares-en-el-pac/ 


image by Ivan Sache, 04 August 2013

The flag appears to be used with a different lettering. Sightings of this particular flag are quite recent (2012-2013); the change in the lettering might have been associated with the renovation campaign launched by the party in 2012.
Photos:
http://noticias.kolbi.msn.com/el-pac-trasladará-su-convención-para-el-21-de-julio 
https://sphotos-b.xx.fbcdn.net/hphotos-ash3/p480x480/946734_639493652744752_475076260_n.jpg 
http://www.crhoy.com/lideres-del-pac-discrepan-sobre-situacion-del-partido/ 
http://www.crhoy.com/presidente-del-pac-nos-esta-costando-un-poco-convencer-para-que-salgan-a-vota/ 


image by Ivan Sache, 04 August 2013


image by Ivan Sache, 04 August 2013

The flag appears to be widely used without lettering, in different proportions, in rallies and other public events.
Photos:
http://www.pac.or.cr/
http://www.nacion.com/nacional/Otton-Solis-votara-blanco-copartidarios_0_1354664690.html 
http://wvw.nacion.com/ln_ee/2002/febrero/05/pais7.html
http://www.elpais.cr/frontend/noticia_detalle/1/72602
http://www.nacion.com/nacional/ambiente-PAC-papeletas-eleccion-candidato_0_1355064622.html 
http://wvw.aldia.cr/ad_ee/2010/febrero/06/nacionales2252652.html
http://www.crhoy.com/pac-por-fin-decidira-fecha-para-elegir-a-su-candidato-o-candidata-a-la-presidencia/ 
http://www.diariowebcentroamerica.com/politica/costa-rica-denuncia-por-impuestos-destapa-manejos-irregulares-en-el-pac/ 
http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_aXBjbT8_vcU/S1xcXCf-NMI/AAAAAAAAFOs/3BmeusiUB48/s640/20547_270497791716_113582381716_3929171_7821760_n.jpg 
http://www.hablandoclarocr.com/index.php/hablando-claro/programas-columbia/472-25-de-setiembre-el-pac-y-sus-responsabilidades-y-propuestas-concretas-ante-el-escrutinio-y-la-evaluacion-publica 
http://www.voiceofnosara.com/arquivos/11_10/regionales.html

The poster inviting the inhabitants of Alajuela to "hoist the flag on cars, houses, gates, windows and roofs" shows the flag without lettering.
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_uWRLZCXVt4I/S1E1uOtw8pI/AAAAAAAABiA/eBdtttlhBhI/s640/saca-la-bandera.jpg 

The flag charged with the black letters "PAC", which I have reported earlier, must be a hand-made, single copy. Therefore, it should be presented after the other flags of the party.
Ivan Sache, 04 August 2013


Partido Alianza Democrática Nacionalista (National Democratic Aliance Party)


image by Ivan Sache, 31 July 2013

Partido Alianza Democrática Nacionalista (National Democratic Aliance Party) - Blue flag with bold "ADN" (A nad N in white, D in orange).
Party's statute <www.adn.co.cr>:
"ARTICULO 3: Emblemas
El Partido Alianza Democrática Nacionalista se identificare' por sus siglas ADN y su bandera es azul con las letras A y N de color blanco y la letra D de color anaranjado".
Source: <www.tse.go.cr>.
Francisco Manuel Garcia and Dov Gutterman, 2 March 2006

Registered on 20 July 2005 and cancelled on 17 March 2010.
Translation of the Spanish quote:
Article 3. Emblems.
Partido Alianza Democrática Nacionalista is identified by its acronym "ADN"; its flag is blue with the white letters "A" and "N" and the orange letter "D".
Ivan Sache
, 31 July 2013


Partido Demócrata


image by Ivan Sache, 31 July 2013

At <www.tse.go.cr> there is quite the same flag as reported by Jaume apart of different shape of the "V". The party was founded on 8 May 1996.
Francisco Manuel Garcia, 11 February 2003 and Dov Gutterman, 28 February 2003

Registered on 23 July 1997 and cancelled on 7 March 2003.
Ivan Sache
, 31 July 2013


Partido Frente Amplio


image by Ivan Sache, 01 August 2013

Partido Frente Amplio is from San José. Yellow flag charged with party name in bold black letters.
Francisco Manuel Garcia and Dov Gutterman, 27 February 2006

Frente Amplio is now registered at the national level.
Frente Amplio (FA), a left party, was founded on 16 October 2004 and  registered by Resolution No. 48 of 13 July 2009. In the 2010 election, the party obtained one seat in the Chamber of
Deputies.
According to Article 2 of the party's Statutes, the party's emblem is a yellow rectangle, in proportions 1:2, with the party's name written in black cursive letters. The Superior Executive Committee of the party may approve, in accordance with the Law, other emblems suitable to identify the organization or characterize its struggle.
Source: Party Statutes

The flag of Frente Amplio is yellow with the party's name written in black letters.
Photos:
http://s3.amazonaws.com/habla-wordpress/hablacostarica/2010/02/100_39531.jpg 
https://profile-b.xx.fbcdn.net/hprofile-prn1/c371.91.546.546/s160x160/75231_359037547483182_1913585569_n.jpg 
Ivan Sache, 01 August 2013


Partido Fuerza Democrática (Democratic Force Party)


image by Guillermo Aveledo, 7 September 2000

According to <www.tse.go.cr> the flag is orange but with inscription of the party name. The party was founded on 21 November 1992.
Francisco Manuel Garcia, 11 February 2003 and Dov Gutterman, 28 February 2003

Registered on 4 August 1993 and cancelled on 18 March 2010. The party won two seats in the Chamber of Deputies in 1994 and three in 1998.
Ivan Sache, 31 July 2013


Partido Independiente (Independent Party)


image by Jaume Olle, 9 September 2000

This party and flag don't appear at <www.tse.go.cr>. The party seems not to exist anymore.
Francisco Manuel Garcia, 11 February 2003 and Dov Gutterman, 28 February 2003


Partido Independiente Obrero


image from <www.tse.go.cr> , located by Francisco Manuel Garcia, 11 February 2003

The Party was founded on 27 November 1971.
Francisco Manuel Garcia, 11 February 2003 and Dov Gutterman, 28 February 2003

Registered on 11 July 1973 and cancelled on 22 February 2007.
Ivan Sache, 31 July 2013


Partido Integración Nacional


image by Phil Nelson , 15 April 2000


image by Ivan Sache, 31 July 2013

Dov Gutterman has reported the flag of the Partido Integración Nacional (Costa Rica) at <www.pin.freeservers.com> . It appears that the other image on this site, using the flag with the initials of the party.
Phil Nelson , 15 April 2000

At <www.tse.go.cr> there is the same flag as lower one but with different shape of the initials. Party founded 30 January 1996.
Francisco Manuel Garcia, 11 February 2003 and Dov Gutterman, 28 February 2003

PIN, a conservative party, was founded on 30 January 1996. The party was registered by Resolution No. 109-97 of 23 July 1997. The party won one seat in the Chamber of Deputies in 1998.
According to Article 2 of the party's Statutes, added on 8 May 1999 by Resolution no. 42, the party's emblem is a celeste blue flag with vertical stripes of equal width and the white letters "PIN" in the middle.The flag is not described in the Statutes.
The old party's website shows the party's flag without lettering.
However, the flag with the lettering is actually used. The flag (at least, the flag seen on a photo) has letters "P" and "I" in the dark blue stripe and letter "N" in the light blue stripe. (Photo)
Ivan Sache, 31 July 2013


Partido Liberación Nacional (National Liberation Party)

[National Liberation Party, Costa Rica]
image by Ivan Sache, 31 July 2013

The National Liberation Party was founded by Josep Figueres i Ferrer, former president of Costa Rica. President Figueres was responsible for the abolition of the Costa Rican army.
The party has a horizontally green, white, green horizontal flag.
Jaume Ollé, 16 September 1997

Same flag is reported at <www.tse.go.cr>. Party founded 15 April 1952.
Francisco Manuel Garcia, 11 February 2003 and Dov Gutterman, 28 February 2003

Founded on 12 October 1951, at the end of the Civil War, in La Paz, San Ramón de Alajuela, as the Movimiento de Liberación Nacional (National Liberation Movement), the PLN was official registered with the Electoral Court on 15 April 1952. His founder was  José Figueres Ferrer (1906-1990), a hero of the Civil War, who served as the President of the Republic in 1948-1949, 1953-1958 and 1970-1974.
The PLN is a Social Democrat party, member of the Socialist International. Another famous member of the PLN is Óscar Arias (b. 1940), President of the Republic in 1986-1990 and since 2006, awarded the  Nobel Peace Prize in 1987. In the general elections held in 2006, the PLN won 25 out of the 57 seats in the Congress.
The statutes of the party were approved by the National Assembly [of the party] on 29 April 1994 and last amended on 12 March 2007.
"Chapter I. Principles and objectives.
[...]
Seat of the party and colors of the emblem.
Article 4.
The colors of the party's emblem shall be green, white and green, in horizontal stripes of equal height."
The proposal for new statutes of the party has a slightly different description of the party emblem, which is explicitely called "flag" ("bandera"):
"Title I.
General provisions.
[...]
Chapter II. Emblem and symbols. The emblem of the party shall be the green, white and green flag, in horizontal stripes of equal height.
[...]"
Photographies taken during the Vth National Congress of  the party, held on 22 May 2005, show a big flag on the wall behind the official stand. The flag is horizontally divided green-white-green with the Socialist rose emblem in the middle, the upper part of the rose overlapping the upper green stripe.
Ivan Sache, 9 February 2008

As opposed to the proposed Statutes presented on the FOTW website, the current party's Statutes, last amended on 20 July 2012, do not mention the flag:
Article 4. The colours of the party shall be: green, white and green in horizontal stripes of equal size.
Source: Party's Statutes
Ivan Sache
, 31 July 2013