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Subnational Flags (Brazil)

Last modified: 2008-08-09 by ian macdonald
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About Brazilian State Flags

During the Empire the Brazilian provinces did not have flags. Only after the Republic was proclaimed and the provinces turned into states were they allowed to have flags. In fact, many of the state flags have some relation to regional republican uprisings during the Empire.
Vantuyl Barbosa, 21 January 1998

The Brazilian constitution of 10 November 1937 outlawed all the provincial flags. The new constitution of 18 September 1946 legalized the use of these flags again. All the Brazilian states' flags are used by civilians and by local governments on land. There are, of course, no military versions nor those for use on sea, though there might have been, since many designs are based on old revolutionary flags.
Željko Heimer, 13 March 1996

States and Federal District

State First Officially Adopted Ratio Links
Acre 1 March 1963 7:10  
Alagoas 23 September 1963 4:7 Municipal flags
Amapá 23 April 1984 7:10 Municipal flags
Amazonas 1982-01-14 5:7 Municipal flags
Bahia 14 May 1967 7:10 Municipal flags
Ceará 1967-08-31 7:10 Municipal flags
Espírito Santo 1947-04-23 7:10 Municipal flags
Goiás 1919-07-30 7:10 Municipal flags
Maranhão 1889-12-21 2:3 Municipal flags
Mato Grosso 1890-01-31 7:10 Municipal flags
Mato Grosso do Sul 1979-01-01 7:10 Municipal flags
Minas Gerais 1947-07-14 7:10 Municipal flags
Pará 1889-11-17 7:10 Municipal flags
Paraíba 1930-09-25 7:10 Municipal flags
Paraná 2002-05-27 2:3 Municipal flags
Pernambuco 1917-02-23 7:10 Municipal flags
Piauí 1922-07-24 7:10 Municipal flags
Rio de Janeiro 1947 7:10 Municipal flags
Rio Grande do Norte 1957-12-03 2:3 Municipal flags
Rio Grande do Sul 1891 7:10 Municipal flags
Rondônia 1981-12-31 7:10 Municipal flags
Roraima 1988-10-05 7:10 Municipal flags
Santa Catarina 1953-10-23 8:11 Municipal flags
São Paulo 1948-09-03 2:3 Municipal flags
Sergipe 1920-10-19 2:3 Municipal flags
Tocantins 1989-11-17 7:10 Municipal flags
Territory Adopted Ratio Links
Distrito Federal 1969-09-07 13:18 Municipal flags
Former State      
Former Territories      
Fernando de Noronha      
Trinidade & Martin Vaz      

It is noteworthy that many of these flags have 7:10 ratio, which is probably influenced by the Brazilian flag of the same ratio. Many of these flags use the Brazilian national colors, green and yellow (and blue), and there are also many red-white-blue combinations. Those colors, as well as the designs of many of them, were obviously influenced by the U.S. flag. Željko Heimer, 13 March 1996