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Kingdom of Bahrain, Mamlakat al-Baḥrayn

Last modified: 2012-03-10 by eugene ipavec
Keywords: bahrain | asia | serration | zig-zag | royal standard | crown (yellow) | construction sheet |
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[Bahrain] 3:5|
image by Pascal Gross

Official Name: مملكة البحرين [Mamlakat al-Baḥrayn], Kingdom of Bahrain
Short Form: البحرين‎ [al-Baḥrayn], Bahrain
Capital: Manama
Location: Middle East
Government Type: Constitutional Monarchy
Flag Adopted: 14 Feb 2002
Coat of Arms Adopted: 1932
ISO Code: BH BHR 048
FIPS 10-4 Code: BA
MARC Code: ba
Risk of confusion with: Qatar

See Also:


Adopted: 14 Feb 2002

Proportions: 3:5

Description: Red flag with a white stripe at host limited by a serration (i.e. a zigzag) made of five white triangles.

Use: on land, national, civil and war flag, at sea, national, civil and war ensign.

Colours (approximate specifications, as given in Album des Pavillons [pay00]): Red: Pantone 186 c / CMYK (%) C 0 – M 90 – Y 80 – K 5

Flag Legislation

On 14 February 2002, the Emir of Bahrain declared his country a kingdom and himself a king. According to the Constitution of the Kingdom of Bahrain, state symbols would be defined by the special laws.

Jan Zrzavy, 15 Feb 2002

HM the King, Shaikh Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, issued Decree by Law No. (4) for 2002, which included the following articles:

  • Article 1: The Flag of the Kingdom of Bahrain shall take a rectangular shape, and shall be divided into two main sections; the first in red, and the other in white color.
  • Article II: HM the King shall have his own flag, for which a royal order shall be issued to determine its shape, measures, and places.
  • Article III: The Flag of the Kingdom of Bahrain shall be hoisted on the Royal Court, Palaces, governmental buildings, public establishments, embassies, Bahraini bureaus abroad, and Bahraini ships.
  • Article IV: Each non-Bahraini ship entering the territorial waters of the Kingdom of Bahrain shall hoist the Flag of the Kingdom, and shall keep the flag hoisted till it departs from the territorial waters of the Kingdom.
  • Article V: The Flag shall be hoisted on governmental buildings, public institutions during public holidays and occasions from sun-rise to sun-set.
  • Article VI: The Flag of the Kingdom of Bahrain shall not be hoisted on vehicles, except on the official protocol vehicles.
  • Article VII: The Flag of the Kingdom of Bahrain shall be hoisted half mast at the state of mourning.
  • Article VIII: The Flag of the Kingdom of Bahrain shall not be used for commercial purposes.
  • Article IX: In case the Flag is used otherwise, and not as stipulated in the above law, a punishment of one month of imprisonment as a maximum, or a fine not exceeding than BD 100, or both shall be inflicted.
  • Article X: The Prime Minister shall issue a decree on the regulatory rules of the Flag.
  • Article XI: The Prime Minister shall implement the rules of this law, which shall be valid as from its publication in the Official Gazette.

Source: BNA, Bahraini Ministry of Information website, Feb 16 2002

Christian Berghänel, 18 Feb 2002

According to the Bahrain Tribune, the national flag was slightly changed, so that there are now "five triangles representing the five pillars of Islam." Previously, there were more "triangles" in the serration.

Jan Oskar Engene, 18 Feb 2002

The ratio of the national flag was changed from de facto 2:3 to prescribed 3:5. The unserrated flag was abandoned alltogether. Until now it was legal and theoretically a valid national flag.

Željko Heimer, 18 Feb 2002

Construction Sheet

[Construction Sheet (Bahrain)]
image by Željko Heimer

Source: Bahraini Ministry of Information website.

Coat of Arms

[Coat of Arms (Bahrain)]
image by Wikimedia Commons User:Tonyjeff

Unidentified Flag

[Unidentified Flag (Bahrain)]
image by James Dignan, 19 Feb 2011

News coverage of funerals following the street protests in Bahrain have shown an unusual flag - plain green bordered in red. Does anyone know what it is or represents?

James Dignan, 19 Feb 2011

My guess would be it is a Bahraini Shi'a flag, either religious or political.

Chrystian Kretowicz, 19 Feb 2011